I figured after a couple of horrendous days figuring out what was wrong with my ROMS, it was time for a morning’s relaxing. Some time ago I added I2c to the Home Control software but never actually got around to doing anything with it. The i2c parallel expansion modules I got from Ebay have their own pull-up resistors on them… could I get away with hooking 2 boards up without having to dismantle surface-mount pull-ups on on?
So first things first I wired up some test LEDs comprising a some AQUA LEDs I had lying around and 120r resistors. I looked all over for pre-made leads with female 0.1” connectors on them but as usual ended up making up my own. If anyone knows of a good cheap source of these – do let us know in here.
Next stop I needed a test board and the obvious one to use was one of the samples I got from Bob Elmour.
A few extra ground, 3v3 and 5v lines (0.1” connector strip) along with GPIO4 and GPIO5 brought out and I was in business. Ok, not the prettiest layout but good enough for testing.
And… yes, I’m not sure I’d want to go beyond two without removing resistors – but they work. With one DIP switch set to ON-ON-ON and the other to ON-ON-OFF I found I could easily use i2c to turn on and off LEDS on both boards at addresses 39 and 38 respectively.
It is worth noting that the output DRIVE capability of the little red boards is not that good (as the outputs are also used as inputs with pull-ups) and so to get a decent output I fastened the LED + leads to +3v3 and used the expander boards to SINK current (which means the output logic is inverted).
Using the come control software, lighting up those 4 LEDS is simple.
(The zero is a recent addition and simply says there is nothing being returned. See future blogs for more extensive use involving multiple parameters and an optional return value).
So for the loss of 2 wires, you get 16 outputs using I2c and at a cost for boards of around a fiver. Not entirely sure how well that compares to sticking an ATMEGA24560 onto the ESP and doing some custom software to let you control the outputs (I have thought about this)… but it is certainly one easy way to get more inputs and outputs.